Participating Faculty


Maria (Masha) Gartstein

Office:Johnson Tower
Mailing Address:Psychology
PO Box 644820
Pullman, WA 99164-4820

Research Interests

Prenatal Influences on infant emotional/behavioral development

Research Summary

The Gartstein laboratory at WSU has been operating for over 10 years, with research conducted there focused on measurement of child temperament and parent-child interactions, temperament development and developmental psychopathology, as well as cross-cultural differences in early social-emotional development. Notably, the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised, developed by Gartstein and Rothbart (2003), is one of the most widely used measures of infant temperament. Research addressing predictive relations between temperament and developmental psychopathology conducted at the Gartstein laboratory represents another important contribution because of its relevance to public health. That is, infancy temperament indicators have been linked with subsequent development of symptoms/disorders, and can be leveraged as markers of mental health related risk. These are currently being utilized by the Gartstein laboratory to understand etiological factors, in the absence of an extensive longitudinal design or long-term follow-up required to observe the emergence of symptoms. Cross-cultural research has also been influential, helping to discern universal aspects of temperament development vs. those that are culture-specific, and a function of culturally driven mechanisms. More recently, research emphasis of the Gartstein laboratory has shifted towards discerning pre and postnatal biological contributions to temperament development. The current program of research is focused primarily on biological mechanisms involved in links between maternal prenatal stress/symptomatology and infant functioning.

Research Publications

Selected Publications 2003-2016

Erickson, N.L., Gartstein, M.A., & Beauchaine, T.P. (in press). Infant predictors of toddler Effortful Control: A multi-method developmentally sensitive approach. Infant and Child Development.

Gartstein, M.A., Hookenson, K.V., Brain, U., Devlin, A.M., Grunau, R.E., & Oberlander, T.F. (in press). Sculpting infant soothability: The role of prenatal SSRI antidepressant exposure and neonatal SLC6A4 methylation status. Developmental Psychobiology.

Gartstein, M.A., Bell, M.A., & Calkins, S.D. (2014). EEG asymmetry at 10 months of age: Are temperament trait predictors different for boys and girls? Developmental Psychobiology, 56, 1327–1340. [PMID: 24634135]

Gartstein, M.A., Bridgett, D.J., Rothbart, M.K., Robertson, C., Iddins, E., Ramsay, K., & Schlect, S. (2010). A latent growth examination of fear development in infancy: Contributions of maternal depression and the risk for toddler anxiety. Developmental Psychology, 46, 651-668. [PMID: 20438177].

Gartstein, M.A., Crawford, J., Robertson, C.D. (2008). Early development of language and attention: Mutual contributions and the impact of parent-infant interaction attributes. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 9-26. [PMID: 17570055]

Gartstein, M.A., & Rothbart, M.K. (2003). Studying infant temperament via a revision of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of Infant Behavior and Development, 26, 64-86. [PMID: 17336002]

Washington State University